How to print to Console in JavaScript?

Category: JavaScriptJavaScript comprises different built-in methods to print a generic/specific message(s) to the console window. A console is a window used to show or print the output of the program after executing the code. It is very useful for testing/debugging purposes for developers as well as users. For this purpose, JavaScript has various methods, such as console.log(), console.warn(), console.error() and The objective of these methods is to print a message to the console in JavaScript. Each method has a unique functionality based on the user’s needs.

This post demonstrates the working and usage of all the methods that are used to print on console in JavaScript.

How to Print to Console in JavaScript?

A console window is a specific area that checks the code for execution. The console.log(), console.warn(), console.error(), and are utilized to print messages to console in JavaScript. The messages can be strings, numerical numbers, properties of an object, or elements of arrays. All the latest browsers support these console methods that can be accessed through the developer tools section or by pressing key F12.

Method 1: Using console.log() Method to Print to Console

The console.log() method is utilized to print any variable which is defined in it. It can be used for descriptive text. The method returns the value that the user passed as a parameter. Developers employ this method for debugging purposes. The console.log() is the widely used method to print output. The output may be calculated results or messages.

The syntax of the console.log() method is provided below:



The message parameter specifies the information to be displayed using the console.log() method.

For better understanding, the following example code is used to practice the console.log() method.


// An example to use console.log() method');

var a = 'Welcome to JavaScript';


A variable “a” is initialized, and then it is printed on the console using the console.log() method.


The output shows that the value of variable “a” is printed on the console.

Method 2: Using console.error() Method to Print to Console

The console.error() method is the most common method for displaying the error message in the console window. The syntax of the console.error() message is provided below:



This method also accepts only parameters which will be displayed as an error message on the console. Let’s practice the console.error() via the following example code:


// An example to use console.error() method');

var a = 'Display error message in JavaScript';


A variable is initialized, and that variable is passed to the console.error() method as an argument.


After executing a code in the browser console, a highlighted text is displayed as shown in the output’s image.

Method 3: Using console.warn() to Print to Console

A built-in console.warn() method of JavaScript is followed to print a warning message to the console window. The syntax of the console.warn() method is provided here:



This method also accepts one parameter, which will be displayed as a warning on the console. The following example refers to the usage of the console.warn() method in JavaScript.


// An example to use console.warn() method');

var a = 'Display warning message in JavaScript';


In this code, the console.warn() method is utilized to print a warning message to the users.


The highlighted text in yellow is used to present the warning message to the user by using the console.warn() method.

Method 4: Using to Print to Console

Another method is adapted to print the general information to the user. To use this method, the syntax is written below:




An example is used to send a specific or user-defined message to the console window.


// An example to use method');

var a = 'Display information message in JavaScript';;

The is employed to print a general message/information to the user through the console.


The outcome of the code returns a generic message “Display information in JavaScript” to the console window.


The console.log(), console.warn(), console.error() and methods are utilized to print to the console in JavaScript. The console.log() method is the most adapted method to display strings, arrays, and object properties to the console. The console.warn() and console.error() messages are employed to display the user with warning and error messages. In the end, the method is used for printing general/specific information to the console window in JavaScript. Here, you have learned the working and usage of all the above-mentioned methods with suitable examples.

About the author

Syed Minhal Abbas

I hold a master's degree in computer science and work as an academic researcher. I am eager to read about new technologies and share them with the rest of the world.