Linux Distros

How to Change Manjaro Mirrors List

All Linux distributions offer servers (mirrors) distributed across the world to host multiple repositories. The repositories contain an up-to-date copy of software packages, such that the package maintainers in each distribution manage the content of repositories and keep them up-to-date.

It requires the users to keep the mirror list updated and enables downloading package updates quickly. The article demonstrates how to work around Manjaro mirrors, maintain the mirror list, and change the mirror’s location to increase package download speed.

Manjaro Mirrors

Like any other distribution, mirrors for Manjaro also contain a variety of package releases well-suited for 32-bit and 64-bit installations. The distribution support package maintainer: Pacman, for system maintenance, new installs, and updates. Pacman is responsible for managing the content of Manjaro repositories, including its unique packages (Manjaro hardware detection utility method) and patching packages.

Pacman-mirrors

For Pacman to function with a list of mirrors distributed worldwide and maintain the repo: Manjaro has introduced a specific utility, pacman-mirrors, that generates and maintains the system mirror list.

Use the following command with superuser privileges to display the pacman-mirror utility version followed by mirror status listed in the mirror list from the available mirror pool.

[manjaro@manjaro ~]$ sudo pacman-mirrors
[sudo] password for manjaro:  
Pacman-mirrors version 4.21.2
Local mirror status for the stable branch
Mirror #1   OK  00:32   United_States   https://repo.ialab.dsu.edu/manjaro/
Mirror #2   OK  00:58   Iceland         https://mirrors.opensource.is/manjaro/
Mirror #3   OK  00:18   Germany         https://manjaro.moson.org/
Mirror #4   OK  03:21   Sweden          https://ftpmirror1.infania.net/mirror/manjaro/
Mirror #5   OK  01:56   Australia       https://manjaro.lucassymons.net/
Mirror #6   OK  04:29   Bulgaria        https://mirror.telepoint.bg/manjaro/
Mirror #7   OK  02:33   South_Africa    http://mirror.is.co.za/mirrors/manjaro.org/
________________________________________

Or use the cat command to output the content of the mirrorlist file in the /etc/pacman.d directory. It will be similar to the above command.

[email protected]:~$ sudo vim /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Similarly, use the following commands for help on usage, and version or mirror status details:

________________________________________
[email protected]:~$ pacman-mirrors --help
[email protected]:~$ pacman-mirrors --version
[email protected]:~$ pacman-mirrors --status
________________________________________

Mirror Pool Customization

The pacman-mirrorlist allows users to customize mirror pools as per preference. However, it’s also an ideal practice not to limit the mirrorlist as pacman-mirrorlist only writes the updated mirrors to the /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf file.

Note: It’s mandatory to synchronize the database after updating Manjaro mirror servers in the configuration file or after any changes via the pacman-mirrors utility. The synchronization ensures no potential risks while updating and downloading software packages via the package manager.

Continent Based Customization

Use the pacman-mirrors command with the –continent option to create a customized mirror pool.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --continent && sudo pacman -Syyu

Now check the Pacman mirrorlist configuration file to notice the customized mirror pool, as shown below:

Country Based Customization

Similarly, the user can customize the mirror list by confining the search to the country or countries of their choice. Use the pacman-mirrors command with the –country option, as follows:

________________________________________
[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country France && sudo pacman -Syyu

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany,France,Austria && sudo pacman -Syyu
________________________________________

Reset to Default

The utility also offers to reset the mirrorlist to the default mirror pool as follows:

________________________________________
[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country all --api --protocols all --set-branch stable && sudo pacman -Syyu
________________________________________

It’s important to note that the default configuration of the pacman-mirrors file is to overwrite the mirrorlist in the /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist file. Check the mirrorlist file to check the mirrors reset to default.

Setting Fastest Server

The purpose of Manjaro mirrors is to enable the user with an efficient system upgrade, as some locations provide fast internet speed. Hence, server location in the user’s country or city can make a huge difference. Some of the circumstances for a slow software package download include:

  • slow connection
  • slow server speed
  • server proximity to the system

Even though the first two scenarios are out of reach, Manjaro pacman-mirrors utility allows selecting the fastest and closest server in the area. Run the pacman-mirrors tool with the –fasttrack option to fetch all mirrors to the list that consumes minimum time.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --fasttrack && sudo pacman -Syyu

It also allows fetching a limited number of mirrors that are sorted based on the response time.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --fasttrack 7 && sudo pacman -Syyu

Lastly, pacman-mirrors also selects and adds mirrors to the mirrorlist file via –geoip. However, not all countries have Manjaro mirrors and use all mirrors in this scenario.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --geoip && sudo pacman -Syyu

Interactive Method to Update Mirrors

Manjaro also provides an interactive way to update mirrors and choose preferred locations. Use the –interactive command to list all mirrors in a GUI window; it will sort the columns and select mirrors.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman-mirrors --interactive && sudo pacman -Syyu

The above screenshot shows a fetched list of servers. Now select the desired server checkbox and click OK.

Lastly, enable the Manjaro Package Manager to utilize the server by synchronizing the database.

[email protected]:~$ sudo pacman -Syyu

Conclusion

The article details the use of Mirrors in Manjaro Linux and explains how to identify existing mirrors via command-line Manjaro utility pacman-mirrors and Pacman configuration files. We demonstrated how to customize the existing mirror pool via various commands. Furthermore, we also learn how to update the mirrorlist with the fastest mirrors from CLI and interactively.

About the author

Usama Azad

A security enthusiast who loves Terminal and Open Source. My area of expertise is Python, Linux (Debian), Bash, Penetration testing, and Firewalls. I’m born and raised in Wazirabad, Pakistan and currently doing Undergraduation from National University of Science and Technology (NUST). On Twitter i go by @UsamaAzad14