How to Run a MongoDB Server With Docker Compose?

MongoDB is a popular NoSQL database management system that permits users to create collections of documents that can have dynamic fields and structures. MongoDB server is the software that runs a MongoDB database. Developers may use Docker to run MongoDB server with it and simplify the installation and configuration process. Docker allows developers to create isolated containers that run MongoDB servers with predefined settings and dependencies.

This write-up will explain the method to run a MongoDB server with Docker Compose.

How to Run a MongoDB Server with Docker Compose?

To run a MongoDB server with Docker, Compose, try out the below-mentioned steps:

Step 1: Create Compose File

First, create a “docker-compose.yml” file on Visual Studio Code and paste the below-provided snippet into it:

version: '3.7'



image: mongo:latest //defining Docker image

container_name: mongoDB-Cont //specifying container name





- 27017:27017 //assigning port


- mongodb_data_cont:/data/db



In the above code:

  • version” defines the version of the Docker Compose file. In our case, it is “3.7”.
  • services” specifies the services that are required to be run with Docker Compose.
  • mongodb-Cont” is the name of the MongoDB service.
  • image” defines the image to use i.e., “mongo:latest”.
  • container_name” defines the name of the container i.e., “mongoDB-Cont”.
  • environment” sets environment variables for the MongoDB container such as username and root password.
  • ports” is utilized to assign port i.e., “27017:27017
  • volumes” set up a volume named “mongodb_data_cont” to persist the MongoDB data:

Step 2: Start the Compose Service

Then, start the MongoDB services defined in the compose file by executing the given command:

docker-compose up -d

This command starts the MongoDB server.

Step 3: View Running MongoDB Container

After that, write out the below-stated command to view the running MongoDB container:

docker ps

According to the above screenshot, the MongoDB container is successfully running.

Step 4: Access MongoDB Container

Next, open the Bash shell inside the running MongoDB container through the following command:

docker exec -it mongoDB-Cont bash

Step 5: Verify MongoDB Server

Execute the given command to ensure that the MongoDB server is running or not:

mongod --version

The above output indicates that the MongoDB server is running successfully with version “v6.0.5”.

Step 6: Connect to MongoDB Server

Now, connect to the MongoDB server by utilizing the below-listed command and enter the password:

mongosh admin -u root -p rootpassword

It can be seen that the MongoDB shell has been started.

Step 7: Execute MySQL Commands

Finally, run the MongoDB commands in the MongoDB container. For instance, execute the “show dbs” command to view all the existing databases:

show dbs

The above output has displayed all the existing databases.


To run a MongoDB server with Docker, first, create a Compose file and define the MongoDB services. Then, start to Compose services via the “docker-compose up -d” command and view the running container. After that, access the MongoDB container and connect to the MongoDB server. Finally, run MongoDB commands in it. This article has demonstrated the method to run a MongoDB server with Docker Compose.

About the author

Laiba Younas

I have done bachelors in Computer Science. Being passionate about learning new technologies, I am interested in exploring different programming languages and sharing my experience with the world.