Python switch statement syntax

Most programming languages contain switch or case declarations that allow us to implement different code blocks created on variables. In programming, a switch-case instruction is a type of selective control system utilized to consent to the assessment of a variable to alter the control movement of program accomplishment. The switch statement is similar to a language’s ‘if’ statement. The switch statement substitutes the ‘if else’ declaration in a script. The compensations for using the Switch Case statement programmatically are: Easy to debug. It’s easy for non-programmers to read any code. Easy to comprehend and maintain. It’s easy to ensure that all the elements we check are processed. That is, we can use the switch statement to implement a block of code in our program.

During programming, we may want to execute certain blocks of code in certain circumstances. If the specified condition does not apply, the block of the code will be revealed and will not be implemented. Manually reviewing and relating these code blocks without formatting increases the length and intricacy of the code.

We can utilize the switch statement to check a variable for one of several possible values ​​and execute different statements depending on the value initiated. Accumulation of a switch statement to a current program is virtually an enhancement. The use of the switch statement is entirely unrestricted. Utilizing an expression that the compiler can shorten is only harmful, but expressions that we take daily can complicate the compiler. The switch case statement compares the variable to the list of items. That value is called case, and that variable checks the element till they are the same.

When we do coding in the Python language, we generally find that the utilization of switch statements is infrequent. The Python language doesn’t aid the switch case declaration. In contrast to other languages, Python contains no function of a switch statement. Therefore, replace the switch-case instruction feature with other replacements that simplify programming. In this article, we discuss three different approaches to execute switch-case statements.

If-elif-else statement:

We utilize the if-elif declaration and enhance the else statement at the termination that is executed if none of these if-elif statements is correct. If-elif is an abbreviation used for the if-else series.

We utilize version 5 of the ‘spyder’ program for the execution. We create a new file for a project by selecting the ‘new file’ button from the menu bar. Now let’s start coding.

Here we use the variable ‘vegetable’ and take the value ‘carrot’ for this variable. Next, we take different values of this variable. We apply if-else conditions. When the condition is satisfied, the print statement prints the ‘vegetable is carrot’; otherwise, if the condition is not satisfied, it prints ‘vegetable is not carrot, onion or orange.’

This code must now be executed. From either the menu bar of spyder, we select the ‘run’ option. By executing the above-mentioned code, we get this type of output.

Dictionary Mapping:

If we are working in the Python language, we need to be conversant with dictionaries and their configurations for keeping groups of items in memory. Therefore, if we utilize Dictionary to swap the Switch case declaration, the basic value for the Dictionary acts as the instance for the switch statement.

We first inscribe a function that changes a number to a string in this example. The get () function returns the result of the passed parameter, if available in the dictionary. Else, the second parameter is allocated as the defined value for the specified argument.

The print statement prints the 4th and 7th values of the weekdays. So the output is Thursday and Sunday.

Using classes:

In addition to the above-mentioned techniques for applying switch cases in the Python language, we also utilize the Python classes to execute switch case declarations. Object constructors with possessions and approaches are called classes. Now let’s look at an example of generating a Switch technique in a Python Switch class and executing a Switch case.

In this instance, we make a class named PythonSwitch to state the switch () process. It also describes further methods for particular cases. The switch () function takes the parameter and then alters it to a string, adds it to the event literal, and then permits it to the getattr () process. This process utilizes the appropriate method existing in the class returns. The getattr () process returns a Lambda method by default if no match is found. We get the output ‘Friday’ and ‘Tuesday’ by running this code.


This article explains what a Switch-Case statement is and its requirements. We have also learned how to utilize the switch case declaration in Python. Unlike other languages, Python can’t utilize switch statements, so we looked at the switch case statement and its execution in Python in three methods using different examples. It is suggested to utilize the Python switch declaration during programming to improve the coding proficiency and be easily executed.

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Kalsoom Bibi

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