If you’re confused which one to go, I hope this article will help you understand the difference between the 2 desktop environments and let you choose the best one for you.
As mentioned previously, Cinnamon is an original Linux Mint project. It’s a free and open-source project for X Window System. Interestingly, it’s a fork of GNOME 3. However, it prefers the traditional desktop metaphor conventions.
GNOME has always been one of the leading powerhouses in the desktop environment. However, not all are satisfied with it. GNOME 2 was a major success that followed the traditional desktop. However, the shift to GNOME 3 wasn’t smooth. In fact, it created a major controversy in the community. GNOME 3 targets a more modern and stylish look with a lot of tweaks and changes over the previous one.
For addressing the situation, the Mint devs forked GNOME and some of its core features and tweaked it heavily to meet the traditional metaphors. From 2012, Cinnamon desktop started its journey. Over the course, it’s now a full-fledged GNOME-based desktop environment that doesn’t require GNOME itself to be installed.
Like Cinnamon, MATE is also the result of the GNOME’s controversial step-up from GNOME 2 to GNOME 3. MATE desktop is free, open-source and available for a wider range of Linux distros. More than 20 distros officially support MATE.
MATE desktop is the official continuation of GNOME 2. When GNOME shifted to the modern GNOME Shell, it received a negative reception. This led to the creation of the MATE desktop, just like Cinnamon.
MATE desktop started its journey by an Argentine user of Arch Linux by forking GNOME 2. It’s under active development. The goal is to maintain the GNOME 2 code base, frameworks, and core apps to offer the traditional metaphors to the Linux lovers. It fully incorporates the GTK+ 3 framework.
Linux Mint is also an official adopter of MATE desktop. Since Linux Mint 12, MATE has always been a part of the family.
Difference between Cinnamon and MATE
There are some core features that all desktop environments try to fulfill while offering additional features. In the case of Cinnamon and MATE, both are the result of the controversial GNOME revamp. As both of them are heavily inspired by GNOME 2, you can find a lot of similarities.
However, over the course of time, both have their own software collections and adoptions. The following comparisons will showcase the difference between MATE and Cinnamon desktop on Linux Mint. Linux Mint adds a few tweaks here and there, so the MATE desktop won’t have the exact default vibe and feel.
Look and feel
For any desktop environment, this is the most important part. The way it looks, the way it behaves, the way things are arranged – every single factor is guaranteed to impact your experience.
Let’s take a look at the default desktop of Cinnamon.
Here’s the default screen of MATE desktop.
When compared side by side, there’s very little difference between these 2 environments.
Let’s have a look at the apps menu.
That’s different, right?
How ‘bout each environment with a bunch of windows open?
There is a certain difference in terms of the vibe.
Both environments come up with their default software.
File managers are one of the most important software of all desktop systems in the world. Linux Mint Cinnamon features Nemo file manager. It’s a lightweight file manager that’s simple yet powerful enough to handle nefarious file management tasks. It’s a fork of the Nautilus file manager.
On the other hand, Linux Mint MATE features Caja as the file manager with various advanced options. It’s another fork of Nautilus file manager.
Linux Mint Cinnamon grabs the GNOME Terminal as the default terminal emulator.
On the other hand, Linux Mint Cinnamon uses the MATE Terminal as the terminal emulator.
Both Linux Mint Cinnamon and MATE features Xviewer as the default image viewer. It’s a great software that’s based on Eye of GNOME.
The default media player of Linux Mint is the Xplayer. It’s a lightweight media player that’s based on GNOME Videos.
Linux Mint features the same text editor across all the flavors. It’s Xed – a lightweight text editor.
Here’s the lock screen of Cinnamon variation.
This is the lock screen of MATE.
Which one to choose?
Short answer: Completely up to you.
Long answer: There are different variables you have to keep in mind. For new Linux users, my personal recommendation would be the Cinnamon desktop. It’s extremely comfortable for Windows users. You can also try out MATE desktop if you want to.
Linux Mint allows having multiple desktop environments at your system. You can easily try out by yourself and choose which one to stick with.
Both of these desktop environments are really cool and enjoyable for anyone. There are tons of ways to enhance your experience with both the desktop environments.
A great way is theming. As both of them use GTK+, you can implement all the popular GTK+ themes out there. Cinnamon has its own collection of themes and extensions. Check out Cinnamon Spices. Interested in all the finest GTK themes? Check out the best GTK+ themes for Linux Mint.