This guide will illustrate the size of an integer in Java.
What is the Size of an Integer in Java?
In Java, the integer size is 32 bits or 4 bytes. Accordingly, an integer can store values between -2,147,483,648 and 2,147,483,647. Java uses the two representations for negative numbers. It signifies that 1 denotes a negative number and 0 denotes a positive integer.
Example 1: Declaring and Initializing an Integer
Here is an example of declaring and initializing an integer in Java:
In the above example, declare an integer variable named myInt and initialize it to the value 42. The integer variable can now be used in any calculations or assignments.
Example 2: Add Two Integer Values
Java also provides several methods for performing operations on integers, like addition. Here is an example of using the addition operator to add two integer values:
int b = 20;
int c = a + b; // c is now equal to 30
In this example, declare three integer variables, a, b, and c, and initialize a and b to the values 10 and 20, respectively. Then, use the addition operator to add a and b combine and assign to c.
Bonus Tip: Exceeds the Range of an Integer
It is important to note that if the result of an arithmetic operation exceeds the range of an integer, the result will wrap around to the opposite end of the range. For example:
int overflow = maxInt + 1; // overflow is now -2147483648
In this example, declare an integer variable “maxInt” and initialize it to the maximum value of an integer using the “Integer.MAX_VALUE” constant. Then, add 1 to “maxInt”, which results in an integer overflow, and overflow is assigned the value of -2147483648, which is the minimum value of an integer.
The size of an integer in Java is fixed at 4 bytes or 32 bits, which limits the range of values that an integer can hold. Java uses two’s complement representation for negative numbers, which allows for easy and efficient arithmetic operations on integers. While Java provides several operators for performing operations on integers, care must be taken to avoid integer overflow, where the result of an arithmetic operation exceeds the range of an integer. This guide has explained the size of an integer in Java along with practical implementation.