MS SQL Server

What is MySQL RDBMS: A Comprehensive Guide

MySQL is the most commonly utilized open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It is based on a standard language which is known as the Structured Query Language (SQL), utilized for maintaining and interacting with relational databases. MySQL is used to store huge data from various types of applications like Android and web applications. MySQL can be installed on different forums, such as Linux, macOS, and Windows.

This post will discuss a comprehensive guide on MySQL databases.

What is MySQL RDBMS: A Comprehensive Guide?

MySQL is a widely used freely available RDBMS. RDBMS stands for Relational Database Management System. A relational database is a database utilized to save data in tabular form. Most developers prefer to use MySQL while developing applications because of its speed, reliability, and scalability. In MySQL, the relationship between the data is defined using the keys and constraints.

MySQL is licensed under the GNU GPL, which allows users to download, use, and distribute the software for free. In 2010, MySQL was purchased by Oracle Corporation, so now it is owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation. MySQL has been developed and improved continuously, now the most recent version of MySQL is 8.0, which was released in 2018.

Let’s discuss some key features of MySQL.

Features of MySQL

MySQL has various characteristics that make it an efficient and flexible RDBMS, including:

  • Relational database management: MySQL stores and manages data utilizing a relational database structure.
  • Data Types: MySQL offers string, numeric, date/time, and geographical data types.
  • Scalability: MySQL is designed to handle huge amounts of data which makes it convenient for large applications.
  • Transactions: MySQL supports transactions, which ensures the consistency and reliability of data operations.
  • Indexing: MySQL supports indexing that improves efficiency and speed while retrieving data.
  • Security: MySQL provides several security features, including password authentication, encryption, and access controls. It also supports auditing and logging.
  • Performance: MySQL is designed to ensure that the queries run efficiently which makes it optimized for high-performance computing.
  • Replication: MySQL offers replication, which means the user can create and maintain multiple copies of the database.
  • Backup and Recovery: MySQL provides tools for backing up and restoring data to ensure data availability and reliability.
  • Open-source: MySQL is open-source and freely available software that can be downloaded, used, and modified by any user.
  • Cross-platform Support: MySQL can be installed on multiple forums such as Linux, Windows, Unix, and macOS.
  • Multiple storage engines: MySQL offers multiple storage engines so the user can choose the most appropriate one.
  • Triggers and stored procedures: In MySQL, triggers and stored procedures are used to automate the task and enforce business rules.
  • Community support: MySQL has a huge and active users and developers community that provides support and updates.

MySQL RDBMS Installation and Connection

Here are the following steps to install and connect with MySQL:

  • Download MySQL from the MySQL Community Downloads page.
  • Install MySQL using the downloaded file.
  • Configure the MySQL server during installation.
  • Start the MySQL server (service) using the relevant command.
  • Connect to MySQL using the “mysql -u [username] -p” command.

MySQL Basic Commands

The below table illustrates some commonly used MySQL commands along with their functionality:

Command Description
CREATE Create a new database, table, view, etc.
USE Choose the specific database to operate with.
SHOW Display information about databases, tables, views, columns, etc.
DESCRIBE Display the structure of a table, including column names, restraints, and data types.
INSERT Insert new rows into a table.
SELECT Retrieve (get output) the data from single or multiple objects.
UPDATE Modify existing data in the MySQL database object.
DELETE Remove rows of data from a table.
DROP Delete a database, table, view, etc.
JOIN Merge data from two or more tables depending on the defined condition.
ALTER Update the structure of a table, such as adding or deleting columns, changing the column data type, etc.

Despite MySQL’s wide range of commands, the above table discusses only the most frequently used ones.


MySQL is the most commonly utilized open-source RDBMS which is based on standard language. It is utilized to store data from different types of applications. MySQL offers a variety of features such as scalability, performance, security, backup, and recovery, which can be used to enhance the performance of MySQL and help in managing a large amount of data. This writeup demonstrated a comprehensive guide on what is MySQL RDBMS.

About the author

Danish Ghafoor

I am a computer science graduate with a certification in cybersecurity. My passion for technology has led me to develop a deep understanding of the challenges and solutions in the field of information security. I am dedicated to staying up-to-date with the latest industry trends and technologies, and constantly seeking out new opportunities to expand my knowledge and skills.