What is the DOM Element “click()” Method in HTML?

The DOM Element click() method is a built-in method in JavaScript that is used to simulate a mouse click on an HTML element. It triggers the click event of a particular element like a button. It is useful to create dynamic and interactive web pages where users can trigger actions on the page without manually clicking on the elements.

This article briefly demonstrates what is the DOM Element “click()” Method and how to use it in HTML?

What is the DOM Element “click()” Method in HTML?

When the click() method is called on an HTML element, it simulates a user clicking the element with the mouse, which in turn triggers any attached event handlers. This allows developers to perform several interactive actions such as opening links, submitting forms, or toggling the visibility of elements without the need for a physical mouse click. This helps to create interactive and responsive web pages.

How to Use the DOM Element “click()” Method in HTML?

To use the click() method, users first need to obtain a reference to the HTML element to simulate a click-on. This can be done using any of the standard DOM traversal or query methods, such as “getElementById”, “getElementsByClassName”, “querySelector”, or “querySelectorAll”.

Let us walk through an example for a better explanation of the “click()” method.

Example: HTML Checkbox and Radio Button Elements

An example is considered in which the “click()” method is utilized with the HTML checkbox and radio button elements. Follow the below code:







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In the above code snippet:

  • First, a checkbox is created on the webpage by using the <input> tag with a type set to “checkbox”.
  • After that, the event listener “onmouseover” is attached to the checkbox and invokes the “forCheckbox()” function.
  • In the same way, the “radio” button is created using the “<input>” tag, and the event listener is attached to it. But this time, the “forRadio()” function is being invoked.

After the creation of an HTML element on the webpage, now it is time to add the “click()” method:


function forCheckbox() {



function forRadio() {




In the above code snippet:

  • First, define two JavaScript functions, “forCheckbox()” and “forRadio()”.
  • These functions use the “document.getElementById()” method to obtain references to HTML elements on the page with specific ids “checkbox1” and “radioButton”.
  • For the simulation of clicking on the HTML element, the click() method is utilized. This function toggles the state of on or off when it is called.

After the execution of the above code snippets, the output appears like this:

The above gif illustrates that the status of the checkbox and the radio button is changing using the “click()” method.


The click() method is particularly useful for handling user interactions with a web page through JavaScript.

Instead of relying on the user to physically click the element, utilize the click() method to simulate the click event programmatically. It is useful for creating interactive and user-friendly designs. This article has successfully demonstrated the meaning of the DOM element “click()” method in HTML.

About the author

Abdul Moeed

I'm a versatile technical author who thrives on adaptive problem-solving. I have a talent for breaking down complex concepts into understandable terms and enjoy sharing my knowledge and experience with readers of all levels. I'm always eager to help others expand their understanding of technology.