C Programming

strstr Function in C

The strstr() function in C is used to parse and locate the occurrence of a substring in a string. It is defined in the string.h header file.

This short tutorial will show you how to use C’s strstr() function to locate a set substring.

Basic Usage

The syntax for the strstr() function is:

char* strstr(char *str, const char *substr);

The function accepts two arguments: str and the substring. The function then searches for the occurrence of the substr in the string pointed by the str.

NOTE: The function does not include the terminating null characters but stops the search at their first occurrence.

Return Value

If it finds the occurrence of the substring, the function returns a pointer to the first character of the substring. If it does not find the searched substring, the function returns a null pointer.

Strstr() Function Example

The following simple example illustrates how the function works.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
int main() {
    char str[] = "Hello From LinuxHint Team";
    char substr[] = "LinuxHint";
    char *i;

    i = strstr(str, substr);

    if (i != NULL) {
        printf("Substring located! %s\n", i);
    }
    else {
        printf("Substring not located!");
    }
    return 0;
}

If we run the code above, we should get an output shown:

Substring located!
LinuxHint Team

Conclusion

That is it for the strstr() function in C. Check out other C tutorials to learn more.

About the author

John Otieno

My name is John and am a fellow geek like you. I am passionate about all things computers from Hardware, Operating systems to Programming. My dream is to share my knowledge with the world and help out fellow geeks. Follow my content by subscribing to LinuxHint mailing list