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Software required for getting started with web

Web development is the core area of computer science and is widely practiced by users who do not have a computer science background. If you are planning to get started with the web, you may require software that enables you to do so. This article provides the preliminary set of software that are recommended for getting started with the web.

Which software are required to start working with web

This section provides the list of packages that are required to start working with web development. Here, you will get the basic understanding and installation procedure of each software. You require one software from each category described below:

Web-Browser

The web-browsers are usually the essential software if you work over the internet. Every user has its own preferences of choosing a web browser. While working with web development, you must have a good responsive browser to test your code. We have listed few browsers that you may use for the above-stated purposes:

Google Chrome: It is the most used browser by computer users. Despite its memory usage drawback, it provides an interactive interface and set of built-in extensions to ease the way of your work. It has a cross-platform availability and thus users of Linux, Windows, and macOS can easily download and install Google Chrome on the respective operating systems.

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To download and install Google Chrome, you may navigate to one of the following links as per your operating system:

Chrome for Windows

Chrome for macOS

The following links will provide step-by-step procedures to install Google-Chrome on several Linux distributions:

Install Google-Chrome on Debian-based distributions

Install Google-Chrome on Arch-based distributions

Mozilla Firefox: Firefox is another leading software in the category of the browser. Although it does not consume memory like Chrome; however, it is not famous as Google Chrome. It does support extensions pack and has a cool interactive graphical interface.

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Firefox on Windows

Firefox for macOS

Note: Mozilla Firefox comes with built-in support for numerous Debian and Arch-based distros of Linux.

Opera: This browser has provided a set of distinctive features like a built-in version of social apps. However, Chrome and Firefox are fastest than Opera: You may use this browser to test the code. To download and install Opera on various platforms, you may use one of the following links:

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Download Opera for Windows

Download Opera for macOS

For installing Opera on Linux based distributions:

Install Opera on Debian-based distros

Install Opera on Arch-based distros

Brave: This browser has also achieved the height of success by providing a better user experience. Despite this, it still requires a lot of improvement, including plugin support as in Chrome and Firefox. It can also be considered to run your code:

To download it for Windows and macOS:

Download Brave for Windows

Download Brave for macOS

For installation of Brave on Linux-based distributions, you may navigate to the following links:

Install Brave on Debian-based distros of Linux

Install Brave on Arch-based distros of Linux

Apart from the above-mentioned browsers, the macOS has built in support for Safari browser whereas the Windows users get Microsoft Edge (Internet Explorer) as pre-installed browsers. These browsers also support testing your code on web.

Text/Source-Code Editor

The code editor is the main component of building a website. There are a set of famous code editors available that can be used for getting started with the web. We have listed several in-famous editors that remain the first choice for many developers:

Atom: It is quite a rich tool to write your code for web development. Atom has built-in plugins for HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Git(for version control system). Interestingly, it is an open-source and provides a cross-platform accessibility. The following links will lead to download/install Atom on various platforms:

Atom for Windows

Atom for macOS

For a step-by-step installation of Atom on Linux, the links provided below would assist in this regard:

Install Atom on Debian-based distributions

Install Atom on Arch-based distributions

Sublime Text: It is widely used source-code editor for markup languages like HTML. Moreover, it does support integration of CSS and JavaScript as well. Additionally, its extended support can be enjoyed by adding few plugins in Sublime Text.

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Download Sublime for Windows

Download Sublime for macOS

For several Linux-based distros:

Install Sublime for Debian-based distros

Install Sublime for Arch-based distros

VS (Visual Studio) Code: The VS code is a source code editor with cross-platform availability and functionalities of a fundamental source code editor: such as syntax highlighting, auto-completion, snippets, keyboard shortcuts, and various extensions can be installed for extended functionalities.

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VS Code for Windows

VS Code for macOS

Moreover, you can follow the guides provided below to install VS Code on various Linux distros:

Install Visual Studio Code on Debian-based distros

Install Visual Studio Code on Arch-based distros

Version Control System

The version control system is the core package while working in a distributed environment. The developers can share code with other developers and can work on the same project simultaneously using a version control system. Moreover, version control systems can also be practiced by saving various versions of the packages to use them or getting help from old packages. Additionally, they can also act as a file transfer protocol package in web development.

Most commonly, Git is used, and to use it, you are required to make an account on GitHub.

Note: We recommend Git to be used as a version control system because it can be used for managing files on the servers. Thus, you do not require any dedicated file transfer protocol package.

Conclusion

Various software packages are provided in this guide that you must need for getting started with the web. You have learned the basic knowledge and understandings of the provided set of softwares. To start working with the web, you require a source code editor, a browser, and a version control system. We have listed the most used softwares of each category: After following this guide, you would be able to select the best that suits you for getting started with web.

About the author

Adnan Shabbir