Sliders are a type of data slideshow that could include photos, text, symbols, and hyperlinks, among other things. It is a web page component that glides forward-backward or perhaps in any direction. It’s a method of presenting material on a website in a single region where the material may glide into position, allowing for the presentation of large volumes of material in a single place.
Creating a Slider With CSS
To create a simple responsive text slider using HTML and CSS, the first step we will take is to structure the layout of the slider. It will create space for the slider where it will fit in.
In the previous code, we exercised the <div> element. This tag refers to the Division tag. Inside an Html file, it specifies a division or segment. It works as a container that is utilized to group HTML components. After that, CSS is used to design things. The “slider-container” is the component on the website where the slider will be shown. The “slider” serves as the display or window to present all the slides we will create. The slides will be kept in “slides”. This “slider” is the component that scrolls and generates the slider appearance on the “slider-container”. Whereas “slide” refers to every single slide used in the slider.
Keep in mind that you will need to have the “slide” class and a distinct “id” for each slide you create. In this script, we have created four “slide” classes, each with a unique “id” as: “slides_1” for 1st slide, “slides_2” for 2nd slide, “slides_3” for 3rd slide, and “slides_4” for 4th slide. We also have defined the “slide_text” displayed on each slide respectively, within the “span” tag.
Now, we will generate the CSS script.
You can use anything you want for a “slider-container”. Here, we have utilized the flexbox. You can quickly style HTML with a CSS flexbox layout. Utilizing columns and rows, the flexbox renders the vertical and horizontal positioning of objects straightforward. To fill the area, objects would “flex” to various sizes. You may, however, utilize CSS Grid if you choose.
The “slider” will simply adjust the size of the slider. This “width” property will adjust the slider’s width. The “maximum-width” of an object is specified by the “max-width” attribute. The object’s height is automatically adjusted when the content exceeds the limit width. The max-width attribute is ineffective when the provided content is less than the maximum width. The placement of an object with “position: relative;” is relative to that usual position.
The following slides element will now be styled in CSS:
The overflow-x attribute determines whether the content of a block-level element should be clipped, scrolled, or shown overflow data. Anything which doesn’t fit easily within the “slider” viewport will only become viewable via scrolling when you enable “overflow-x” to scroll. The next thing we did was to put the “scroll_behavior” to “smooth”. The scroll-behavior attribute determines if the scroll motion is animated smoothly whenever the person hits on a URL inside a scrollable container rather than a straight leap. We have set the “scroll_snap-type” to “x mandatory”, which means that when you apply a jump-link to whatever child object in slides, then the browser would scroll to that particular object smoothly rather than jumping to it straight away.
Let’s design the slides themselves, as follows:
The first and foremost thing to focus on in this snippet is to consider the slide’s size to that of the slider carefully. Now, the very last three attributes are extremely crucial: transform-origin, transform, and scroll-snap-align. The position in which a transformation is executed is called the transform-origin. You may alter the placement of transformed components by using the transform-origin attribute. Single, two, or three values can be utilized to provide the transform-origin property, with every item indicating an offset. A transform’s origin is configured to center by default. You can spin, resize, tilt, or translate any component using the “transform” CSS property. The “scale()” CSS method scales a component in the two-dimensional plane. The scroll-snap-align attribute defines the actual snap positioning of the container like a snap region alignment. They assure that whenever you jump-link to a certain slide, that slide will “snap” within the slider viewport’s center.
The output image that we created this far from the previous code is shown below:
You can observe the seamless scrolling and snapping functionality in operation by clicking inside of the slider and afterward pressing the arrow buttons.
Slider With Navigation Button
You may also include navigation buttons on the slider if you’d like. For this intention, we have added two “a” components to every single slide in the HTML script.
The “slide_prev” class is for navigating back, whereas the “slide_next” class is for navigating forward. The “href” holds the hyperlink to the slide we wish to jump. These must be explicitly adjusted. This property gives the link’s destination page’s URL. The <a> element will not constitute a link when the “href” property isn’t included.
Here, we deal with the CSS section of the code:
These buttons may be styled and placed in any way you like. In our example, we have added arrows to navigate forward or backward.
You can see the arrows in the following output image:
Removing the Scrollbar From Slider
Now, if you observe, we have the arrows and the navigation bar for scrolling back or forth. If you need to remove the scroll bar, you can do so in one simple step.
In the CSS script, inside the first “.slider” class, just set the “overflow-x” to “hidden”. This will hide the scroll bar.
This is the output slider:
In this topic, you have learned to add a slider to your website using HTML CSS. We introduced you to the idea of adding sliders using CSS and what sliders are. Afterward, we started creating a simple slider with text. We designed the layout of the slider utilizing the HTML and then styled it with CSS in the sublime text editor. Using different elements of the CSS script, we made our slider with a scrollbar. In the next step, we created a navigation button in the slider with CSS. In the final phase, we showed you how to remove the scrollbar from the slider and let it navigate only through the navigation buttons. Practice and concentration will help you grab these concepts for creating a simple slider with CSS.