How to Securely Store Passwords in PowerShell

Storing passwords is a crucial part of any Windows user’s life. When it comes to storing the passwords for security purposes, storing them inside the text file is not good. However, it can be stored in a more secure manner, which is by using PowerShell. Such as, users can utilize the “SecureManagement” module to save or encrypt passwords securely in PowerShell.

This write-up will go through the complete procedure to securely store the passwords in PowerShell.

How to Securely Store Passwords in PowerShell?

Users can securely store the passwords:

Method 1: Store the Password in PowerShell

Securing a password while storing is very important. Users can secure the password in PowerShell by navigating through the provided instructions below.

Step 1: Set Execution Policy Remote Signed

First of all, set the execution policy to “RemoteSigned” by executing the given command:

Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned

Step 2: Install the SecretManagement and SecretStore Module

Now, install the Microsoft “SecretStore” and “SecretManagement” modules. To do so, first, use the “Install-Module” cmdlet and specify the modules to be installed separated by commas:

Install-Module -Name Microsoft.PowerShell.SecretManagement, Microsoft.PowerShell.SecretStore

Step 3: Create Microsoft Secret Vault

After installing the modules, now, create the Microsoft Secret Vault. To do so, first, specify the “Register-SecretVault” cmdlet along with its name assigned to the “-Name” parameter. After that, specify the “SecretStore” module to the “-ModuleName” parameter. Lastly, use the “-Description” parameter and specify the description of the vault:

Register-SecretVault -Name New_Vault -ModuleName Microsoft.PowerShell.SecretStore -Description "First secret vault is created"

Step 4: Get the Newly Created Vault

To retrieve the newly created vault, simply use the “Get-SecretVault” cmdlet along with the name of the vault assigned to the “-Name” parameter. After that pipe the whole command to the “Select-Object” cmdlet followed by an asterisk:

Get-SecretVault -Name New_Vault | Select-Object *

Step 5: Create and Store a Password

Now, to create the password, first, place the “Set-Secret” cmdlet along with its name assigned to the “-Name” parameter. Then, assign the secret to the “-Secret” parameter. When the below command is executed, the prompt will require the user to type the password twice. Entering the password twice will securely store the password:

Set-Secret -Name FirstPassword -Secret "Password1!"

Step 6: Get the Secure Password

To get the securely stored password, first, place the “Get-Secret” cmdlet and assign the name of the password to the “-Name” parameter. It will not reveal the password, however, it will only tell whether the password is a string or integer:

Get-Secret -Name FirstPassword

To view the password simply place the “-AsPlainText” parameter at the end of the command:

Get-Secret -Name FirstPassword -AsPlainText

It can be observed that the password has been revealed in the PowerShell.

Method 2: Store Password in a Text Document

Another way of storing the passwords is inside the text file. To store the passwords inside the text files, navigate through instructions provided below.

Step 1: Ask the User to Provide Credentials

First, execute the cmdlet “Get-Credential”, to ask the user to type his/her credentials. Then, store the credentials to the “$credential” variable:

$credential = Get-Credential

Step 2: Store the Encrypted Password in the Text File

Now, save the password retrieved from the user to the text file. To do so, first, concatenate the password stored variable with the “Password” keyword and pipe it to the “ConvertFrom-SecureString” cmdlet. After that, again use the “|” pipe and specify the “Set-Content” cmdlet having the text file path assigned to where the password will be stored:

$credential.Password | ConvertFrom-SecureString | Set-Content C:\New\Secure.txt

Get the Encrypted Password

Verify whether the password was stored in the text file or not by executing the “Get-Content” cmdlet along with the “-Path” parameter having the text file assigned to it:

Get-Content -Path C:\New\Secure.txt

Step 3: Store the Password as a Plain Text

In order to store the password as a plain text, simply add the “-AsPlainText” parameter along with the “ConvertFrom-SecureString” cmdlet:

$credential.Password | ConvertFrom-SecureString -AsPlainText | Set-Content C:\New\Password.txt

Get the Stored Password

To check whether the password was stored as a plain text or not, simply execute the below command:

Get-Content -Path C:\New\Password.txt


To securely store a password in PowerShell, first, set the ExecutionPolicy to RemoteSigned. Then, install the “SecureManagement” and “SecretStore” modules. After that, create the vault and store the passwords inside it. This article has provided a detailed procedure to securely store passwords in PowerShell.

About the author

Muhammad Farhan

I am a Computer Science graduate and now a technical writer who loves to provide the easiest solutions to the most difficult problems related to Windows, Linux, and Web designing. My love for Computer Science emerges every day because of its ease in our everyday life.