Required Materials to Create a Bookshelf:
You need to place 3 books and 6 wooden planks of any kind on a crafting table to make a bookshelf.
Making a Book
The first thing that you should look for to make a book is a sugar cane, which you can find easily around the shore of the river.
After that, you need to make 3 papers from it, which you can do by placing 3 pieces of sugar canes on a crafting table.
Along with the papers, you also need leather, which you can get by killing cows.
Killing them will give you 0–2 pieces of leather, and you will also sometimes get raw meat that you can use to recover your health level.
Now place these materials on a crafting table to make a book as displayed below.
Now you need to repeat this at least twice, as you need 3 books to make a bookshelf.
Making Wooden Planks
You need to cut trees by using any axe that will give you some wooden logs and you will get 4 wooden planks from wooden log.
Making a Bookshelf
Now you have all the required items needed to make a bookshelf, and as discussed before, you need to place 6 planks and 3 books on a crafting table to make a bookshelf.
A bookshelf is a necessary item that is needed to enhance the level of enchantment by placing it next to an enchantment table. Other than that, you can also make a lectern, which can be used to convert a normal villager into a librarian for trading valuable items.
Making a Lectern
You can make a lectern by placing 4 wooden slabs and a bookshelf as shown below.
Bookshelves are simple to construct, and they are essential for leveling up your enchanting game. They can also be used as a decorative material because of their wonderful structure. Other than that, you can also make a lectern with it, which is used to trade valuable items with the villagers.