What Is Kubectl Autoscale?
Autoscaling is the main feature in the Kubernetes cluster which makes the resources to automatically update without the hassle of manually doing it. It is a very time and resource-wasting process to update the demanding resources manually. Kubernetes autoscaling provides an automatic facility to optimize the resources.
Autoscaler can create and destroy the number of nodes as per requirement. Autoscale reduces the wastage of resources. The Kubectl autoscale automatically chooses the pods that are currently executing inside the Kubernetes cluster.
There are two types of scaling: (1) HorizontalPodScaler and (2) Vertical scaler. The Horizontal scaler is different from the Vertical scaler. The HorizontalPodScaler helps in the decrease or increase of pods when needed. On the other hand, the Vertical scaler uses resources such as CPU and memory.
Here are all the steps that you can follow in your system and see the output for a better understanding.
Step 1: Starting a Minikube Cluster
In the first step, start the minikube tool to run the Kubernetes cluster so that we can execute the “kubectl autoscale” command. You can set up your nodes, pods, and even a cluster in the Kubernetes environment using the minikube cluster. To do so, use the following command to keep the minikube in active mode:
As you can see in the following output screenshot, this command enables the minikube cluster and makes the Kubernetes environment usable:
Step 2: Get the Pod Details
In this step, the Kubernetes cluster is running successfully. Now, we get the pod details in the cluster. The pod in Kubernetes is the collection of units that shares resources. The following script is executed by running the following command in your minikube cluster:
Using the previous command which is “kubectl get pods”, we can get the list of all pods that run in the Kubernetes cluster.
After executing the “get pods” command, we obtain the following output:
Step 3: Get the Deployments of Pod
In the previous “kubectl get pods” command, we get the details of pods. Now, we use the “get deployment” command to obtain the list of the created deployments. The following script is executed for this purpose:
After executing the command, the following screenshot shows the output:
Step 4: Autoscale Deployment
The autoscale command is used to make the automation selection of pods that run in the cluster. By deploying the autoscale in the cluster, we automatically insert and terminate the number of nodes. The following script is executed in the minikube cluster and it shows the filename, minimum pods, and maximum pods where the pods should be between 2 to 10:
After executing the command, the following output is generated:
Step 5: Create a Kubernetes YAML File
In this step, you will learn to create the YAML file in the cluster. YAML file is useful for deployment and application testing. There are various types in Kubernetes to create and edit the file.
In this article, we use the “nano” command to create the YAML file because it is the easiest way and the best choice for beginners.
Follow the given steps here to create a YAML file using nano:
- To create a new file or change an existing one, navigate to the desired directory location.
- Type in “nano”. After that, write the name of the file. For example, if you wish to create a new file name, write down the name – “deploo.yaml”.
Run the following script and create a YAML file in the project directory:
After creating the “deploo.yaml” file, the next step is to configure the YAML file. We explain it in the following step.
Step 6: Content of YAML File
In this step, we can easily configure the Apache server and PHP files. Before we utilize the HorizontalPodScaler, we must configure the workload monitor. As the following piece of code shows the kind:deployment, the port of the web browser is 90 and the CPU limit is 200m.
You can see the complete “deploo.yaml” file information here:
- name: php
- containerPort: 90
- port: 70
Step 7: Create the Deployment
In this step, let’s create the YAML file named “deploo.yaml”. The following script is executed in the minikube cluster:
The output of the aforementioned command that we executed can be seen in the screenshot that follows. The output indicates that the YAML file has been created:
Step 8: Create the HorizontalPodScaler
In this step, we will show you the command to create the HorizontalPodAutoscaler. The pods are inserted and terminated automatically depending on demand. It is distinct from vertical scaling, whereby the CPU and memory resources are assigned by autoscale. The following script is executed in the minikube cluster:
Here, you can see that we set the values for minimum and maximum to 10 and 20.
Attached is the output of the previous command:
Step 9: Check the HorizontalPodScaler
In this step, we check the present status of HorizontalPodAutoscaler which is newly created. The following command is executed:
One of the most useful features of Kubernetes is the “kubectl autoscale” which provides automatic resource updates in the Kubernetes cluster. Autoscaler helps when a cluster needs to increase the pods or to decrease the pods. In this article, we learned the two autoscale methods – one is the default autoscaler and the other is the HorizontalPodScaler.
First, we deployed the pods and declared them. Then, we created the autoscaler and configured the Apache server to deploy the workload monitor before the HorizontalPodScaler. After that, we created a YAML file and the HorizontalPodScaler. This article focused on the detailed steps of creating, configuring, and deploying the autoscale Kubernetes.