How to Learn Java Programming – For Beginners

In 1995, James Gosling created an object-oriented programming language called Java. It is used in scientific computing, mobile apps, and web applications. Java is also considered the most popular language in the 20th century as it is one of the top 5 programming languages. So, if you are a beginner, then learning Java will assist you in building your concepts and stepping into the development side.

This tutorial will discuss Java features and types of Java applications and compile the tools and sources that can be utilized to learn Java. So, let’s get started!

What is Java?

Java is an object-oriented programming language that is easy to understand, compile and debug. Java code can be executed on any platform that supports Java. Its syntax is similar to C/C++ programming languages. This programming language is primarily utilized to create web, desktop, and android applications.

What are the Primary Features of Java?

The primary features of the Java programming language are:

  • Java is an Object-Oriented Programming Language.
  • Java code is Platform Independent as it can run on any platform after compiling at once, like Windows, Mac, Linux, and so on.
  • This language provides a multithreading feature as well.
  • This robust language has many advanced features such as Exception Handling and memory allocation.
  • Java code executes faster, and this language has a high-performance rate.
  • Being platform-independent makes Java a portable language.

What are the Types of Java Applications?

Java applications are classified as follows:

  • Desktop applications
  • Mobile/Android applications
  • Enterprise applications
  • Web applications
  • Web servers
  • Gamings/Games
  • Embedded Applications

What Tools do I Need to Start Java Programming?

There are a lot of online tools or editors that can be used to start programming in Java. But we recommend you choose the best editor or IDE (Integrated Development Environments) for Java programming and learn properly with passion.

In the Software industry, there exist several IDEs for Java programming; here, we listed the best of them:

Why Learn Java programming?

You have to learn Java programming as:

  • It is an extensively used programming language because of the code’s simplicity.
  • Java is an object-oriented, free, and open-source programming language.
  • Java code is easy to write and debug and can be reused.
  • It is fast and secure.
  • It is similar to the C/C++ language, which can assist a beginner in learning Java programming.
  • Java runs on various platforms such as Raspberry, Linux, Pi, Windows, and macOS.
  • For job opportunities, Java programmers are highly demanded with the best career prospects.

Best Sources to Learn Java Programming

Several sources can assist you in learning Java Programming, such as websites, books, and so on. Here are some of the top websites for learning Java:

Or you can read the below-given top books for the specified purpose:

We have guided you about why learning Java programming is important and how you can step into it.


Java offers the best job opportunities for developers in every region of the world. However, before learning Java programming language, there are some basics that everyone should know, such as the features of Java programming, its uses, applications, the sources where to get the related knowledge, tools or IDEs to write a code, and so on. All of this basic information about Java programming is covered in this tutorial.

About the author

Farah Batool

I completed my master's degree in computer science. I am an academic researcher and love to learn and write about new technologies. I am passionate about writing and sharing my experience with the world.