Git is the most widely utilized tool to manage source code files. It can be used to manipulate and handle all types of projects. It consists of three stages where the staging step in Git permits its users to continue to modify the content in the working directory. For that purpose, track the modified file by executing the “git add” command.
This tutorial will explain all about the Git staging environment.
What is the Git Staging Environment?
The Git staging environment is one of the important and necessary concepts in Git. When users are working in Git, they may add, remove, modify, and delete files. However, when the user generates the file successfully in the working area, they need to push the file to the staging environment. Staged files are those files that are ready to be committed to the repository for saving purposes.
How to Stage Changes in Git?
Follow the below-given instructions to stage the changes in the Git tracking index:
- Move to the Git root directory.
- Execute the “ls” command to list all the existing content and select a file.
- Use the “start” command and update the selected file.
- View the repository’s current status by running the “git status” command.
- Run the “git add” command for tracking the file in the staging area.
- Verify the staged changes by checking the status.
Step 1: Move to Git Root Directory
First, redirect to the Git root directory using the “cd” command and navigate toward it:
Step 2: List Existing Content
Execute the “ls” command to list the existing content:
From the below-stated output, we have selected the highlighted “testfile.txt” for further use:
Step 3: Modify File
Run the “start” command to open the selected file with the default text editor and modify the data:
Step 4: View Repository’s Current Status
To check/view the current working status, utilize the “git status” command:
According to the below-give output, the selected file is modified successfully:
Step 5: Add File in Staging Area
Now, utilize the “git add” command to track the modified file:
Step 6: Verify Changes
Lastly, view the Git repository’s current state to ensure that changes are staged or not:
That’s all about the Git staging environment.
The Git staging environment is one of the important concepts in Git. When users are working in Git, they can create, modify, and delete files. The “git add” command is executed for tracking the changes from the working area to the staging environment. This post briefly illustrated the Git staging environment.