Git Installation Process on Ubuntu

Git is a fast, reliable, and adaptable distributed version control system. It is designed to support the distributed, non-linear workflows, making it ideal for software development teams of all sizes. Every Git working directory is a self-contained repository with a complete history of all changes and the ability to track the versions, even without network access or a central server.

GitHub is the repository of git that is hosted on the cloud that provides all the features of distributed revision control. GitHub is a repository for git, hosted on the cloud. Unlike Git, which is a CLI tool, GitHub has a web-based GUI. It is used for version control which involves collaborating with other developers and keeping track of the changes that are made to scripts and code over time. With GitHub, each team member can create a cloud-based central repository and change the data, enabling a collaboration on the project.

This post demonstrates how to get Git on your Ubuntu system.

Git Installation on Ubuntu

There are three main methods to install Git on Ubuntu:

  1. Using the Ubuntu package manager (apt)
  2. Using the Git Maintainers PPA
  3. From Git source

Method 1: Install GIT Using the Default APT Repository on Ubuntu 22.04

Step 1: Update the System

Updated packages are essential to lay a strong base for the Git installation on your Ubuntu system. By taking this action, possible package conflicts during installation are mitigated.

You can update your system’s packages using the “update” command in the “Advanced Packaging Tool”.

sudo apt update


It is recommended that any outdated packages be upgraded after the update has been done. Use this command to carry out this upgrade:

sudo apt upgrade


Step 2: Check for the Existence of Git on Ubuntu

It’s advised to confirm if Git already exists on your machine before continuing with the installation. This allows us to avoid duplicate installations and keep our system clean.

Use the “git” command with the –version to check if Git already exists on your system. If Git is installed, this shows the previously installed version:

git --version


Step 3: Use the APT Command

If the previous command returns nothing, it verifies that Git is not installed on your machine. It’s now time to set up Git.

Since it offers an easy-to-use procedure, we install Git using Ubuntu’s repository. Install Git using sudo apt to run the “install” command.

sudo apt install git


Step 4: Verify If Ubuntu’s GIT Installation Is Successful

Once the installation is finished, you should make sure that Git was installed correctly.

Once more, we can verify the installation with the –version. At this point, the recently installed version of Git should be returned by this command:

git –version

You should see something like this when the command runs:

Method 2: Install GIT on Ubuntu via the Git Maintainers PPA

Working with the most recent Git version can sometimes be preferable, particularly when new features or critical bug fixes are required. The Ubuntu Git Maintainers team maintains the Personal Package Archive (PPA) which is usually the source of the most recent stable version of Git. Depending on your particular needs and your working environment, this approach may have a number of major benefits.

Step 1: Import the Git Maintainers PPA

We need to add the Git PPA to our system’s repository list. Access to the most recent stable Git release is guaranteed by this PPA. Even though your system probably already has the following packages installed, it is never bad to double-check.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa


Step 2: Refresh the Packages Index After the PPA Import

After you import the Git PPA into your system’s repository list, you must refresh the packages index. Now that the repository has been added, your system is able to recognize the recently downloaded packages.

To update the packages index:

sudo apt update

Step 3: Use the APT PPA Command to Install GIT

Step 3: Use the APT PPA Command to Install GIT

You can upgrade or install Git once the PPA is set up. This command carries out this task:

sudo apt install git -y


You can upgrade Git to the most recent version from the additional PPA by running this command if you have already installed GIT from Ubuntu’s repository.
After the upgrade or installation is finished, confirm the installed Git version:

git --version


You should see something like this:

This indicates that the most recent Git version has been properly installed on your machine.

Checking the repository from which your Git installation originated can provide you with more information. Because the PPA usually contains a much newer version of Git, using the following command should reflect the most recent PPA addition:

apt-cache policy git


Method 3: Installing Git via Source

This method gives the users with more control over the process of installation and grants an access to specific features that might not be included in pre-packaged distributions.

Step 1: Configure Ubuntu with the GIT Build Dependencies

First, you need to install the necessary build dependencies on your Ubuntu system. It takes these requirements in order for a Git compilation to work. To configure these, use the following:

sudo apt install make libssl-dev libghc-zlib-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip -y


Step 2: Get the GIT Source Code

Go to the Git release page to obtain the source code. To download the desired version, use the following command. Don’t forget to replace the {version} with the required Git version.

curl -o git.tar.gz https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-2.37.1.tar.gz


Step 3: Extract and Install the GIT Source Code

Now, compile and install GIT now. To start the compilation, use the following:

sudo tar -xf git.tar.gz

Locate and open the extracted directory:

cd git-2.37.1


Now, compile and install GIT. Start the compilation using the following:

sudo make prefix=/usr/local all

This command directs the build system to anticipate an installation in the “/usr/local” folder at the end of the compilation process. The “all” flag assures a complete build that includes all components.

After the compilation is finished, start the installation:

sudo make prefix=/usr/local install


Git is now installed in the “/usr/local” directory. The procedure includes copying the necessary files and granting the necessary permissions to make Git accessible on your machine.
Verify that the build is accurate and the installation was successful.

git --version


This command should confirm that Git has been properly integrated into your system by returning the version that you installed.


Git is a widely used and powerful distributed version control system. This article demonstrated how to install Git on Ubuntu 22.04 and earlier versions. We discussed three methods: using the Ubuntu package manager (apt), using the Git Maintainers PPA, and using the Git source. You can find many online resources, such as the official Git manual, to help you learn how to use Git.

About the author

Omar Farooq

Hello Readers, I am Omar and I have been writing technical articles from last decade. You can check out my writing pieces.