What is the eval() function?
Additionally, the eval() function works differently in different scenarios. For an argument to be evaluated, if it’s an expression, the eval() function takes it as an expression and then evaluates it.
Syntax for eval function
Here is the syntax for the eval function:
Condition for the Return value
For the eval() function to perform and retrieve results, we need to put some values into the function. In case of an empty value, it will return undefined.
Examples of the eval function
Let’s try a couple of examples to demonstrate and understand the true working of the eval() function.
We are going to give two examples in this regard and let’s see if you can judge the right answer:
b = eval('5+5');
What do you think? What is going to be the output for a and b
Let’s talk about the former example first. In that case, suppose we have specified the constructor of a string, the eval() function will return the object of the string. It won’t perform the operation of the string.
Hence, the output for a will be an object of the string that will contain “5 + 5”, not the answer to this arithmetic operation.
Now let’s come to the variable b, in the argument of eval() function, we can’t see any string inside. Therefore, the eval() function is going to evaluate the expression and the answer will be 10 after being evaluated.
In this example, we will try to pass variables to the eval() function and see what will happen:
sum = eval(" f + g + h ");
mul = eval(" f * g * h");
sub = eval(" f - g");
In the above code, we clearly initiated the variables f,g, and h with values. Then we performed some basic arithmetic operations in order to assess the functionality of the eval() function. That’s how the eval() function behaves in case of no string. It evaluates the expression being put inside.
The result is going to be
Let’s try to put something more complex like calling a function and assigning that function call to a variable:
function func1(m, n)
return m * n;
eval("test = func1(30, 20);");
How are you going to assess the output? It’s simple. Here’s how:
First, we declared the variable test. Then we introduce the function as “func1” which consists of two arguments “m” and “n”. The return value of that function is going to be the multiplication of these two parameters “m” and “n”.
The result is going to be stored in the test variable and the function will be called by the eval() function.
Hence, the output is going to be
- It is considered insecure
- The code gets unreadable while dealing with it
In this topic, we have achieved a fine level of understanding of the eval() function, the functionality of the eval() function as well as its behaviors in specific conditions.
We started our article from the description of the eval() function, after that, by stating out the syntax, limitations, and examples, we have covered every aspect of the eval() function so that the reader can understand the concept in the best possible way.