How to create Database in MongoDB

MongoDB is a NoSQL type of database that acts differently as compared to traditional relational databases and is suitable to be used for large data sets. MongoDB replaces the concept of traditional databases (that work on rows and columns) with documents. As MongoDB is documents based it allows embedded documents arrays and represent complex hierarchy’s relationships using a single record.MongoDB is widely used because of its flexibility and supports a flexible query model. MongoDB stores data with the help of key value pairs; it converts the JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) data into a binary format known as BSON (it is also derived from JSON). MongoDB also makes provision for nested data; for instance, it stores data in collections that contain multiple documents and interestingly the documents need not be similar in a single collection. These multiple collections collectively are stored in an entire MongoDB.

In this descriptive post, we will guide you to create a database using MongoDB in Ubuntu. For this you must have following list of Prerequisites before creating a database:


The list of prerequisites is quite simple, and it contains the packages required to create database in MongoDB:

  • MongoDB must be installed on your system to perform any operation associated with MongoDB.
  • The MongoDB shell provides a powerful command line support to perform database operations, specifically most used CRUD (Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete) operations.

How to create a Database in MongoDB

This section comprises several steps that must be followed for the creation of a database in MongoDB. Follow the steps carefully:

Step 1: Access the MongoDB Shell

Open the terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and first check the MongoDB service status by using the following command:

$ sudo systemctl status mongodb

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The output of above command shows that MongoDB service is active and running:

After that, access the mongo shell by using the below mentioned command in your Ubuntu terminal:

$ mongo

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Step 2: Look for existing Databases

Once you have accessed the mongo shell, you can now check the databases currently listed on your MongoDB server. Use one of the following commands to check the available databases:

> show dbs


> show dbs;

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As the output shows, there are three databases currently on board: it is noticed that these are built-in databases.

Step 3: Create a new database

To create a new database using mongo shell; you must follow the proper syntax as mentioned below:

use [database_name]

Following the above syntax; we have created a new database, “linuxhint,” with the help of following mongo shell command:

> use linuxhint

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As we have only created an empty database; so, the system will not show it until we insert data into it:

> show dbs

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Step 4: Activate the database.the

To activate the “linuxhint” database; we will use the following syntax to do so:


The “db” here refers to the selected database; “collection” is the name of the document you are inserting;

({ })” contains the data to be inserted.

Before executing the command, you must ensure that you have selected the correct database; for this, use the following command in the mongo shell:

> db

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Or you can connect to the MongoDB database directly from the Ubuntu terminal; use the following command in terminal to connect to the “linuxhint” database:

$ sudo mongo linuxhint

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Following the syntax, we have used the below-mentioned command to create a new user named as “jack”, its designation, and age.

Note: Once the command is executed successfully; it will show the output “WriteResult({“nInserted” : 1})”:

> db.user.insert({name: “jack”, designation: “Manager”, age:25})

After inserting the document in “linuxhint”, verify that “linuxhint” is added to the databases list or not: to do so, execute the following command in the mongo shell:

> show dbs

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How to drop a database in MongoDB using Ubuntu

Before executing the drop command, you must ensure that you are in the same database which you want to delete. You can check by using the “db” command in the mongo shell:

> db

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Now, if you will run the following command in your Mongo Shell; the “linuxhint” database will be dropped from MongoDB:

> db.dropDatabase()

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In this technologically rich era, automated management of data is the primary need of every organization. MongoDB is widely used as a DBMS (Database Management System) in IoT (Internet of Things), real-time applications, mobile applications, and content management. MongoDB provides extensive support for famous operating systems like windows, mac, and Linux-based distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, etc. This article aims at creating a database in MongoDB using Ubuntu as an operating system. The terminal support of Ubuntu is used to access MongoDB shells that are further utilized to create databases. With the help of mongo shell, we have created a database and inserted documents into it. The mongo shell support can also be used to perform other operations on databases like Update, Retrieve and Delete.

About the author

Adnan Shabbir