Bootstrap vs React.js

If you are a web developer then you must have already heard about Bootstrap and React.js. However, if you are new to this world and want to become a front-end developer whose job is to design the visual features of a web page or web application, then Bootstrap and React.js will be very handy web technologies to learn.

Front-end frameworks are very difficult to choose and I myself have been confused about which to choose. So in this post, we will discuss both Bootstrap and ReactJS, their noteworthy features, benefits, and drawbacks.

What is Bootstrap?

It is a CSS framework that was not even called Bootstrap at the time of its development as it was more commonly known as Twitter Bootstrap because it was built by Twitter. Its latest release came in October 2021 which is 5.1.3. Bootstrap is a framework that is built on the foundation of CSS and CSS3 and it helps developers in making web pages and web applications responsive. Because responsiveness is the key factor for which bootstrap is most known

There are various frameworks out there to improve website responsiveness, however, Bootstrap is the most extensively utilized in client-side web development. Popular web applications developed in bootstrap are given below:

  • Paypal
  • Lyft
  • Apple Maps Connect
  • Whatsapp
  • Vogue Magazine

Bootstrap pros

  • It allows developers who know HTML and CSS rapid development
  • It provides dozens of components that we can use. One example is the carousel where we don’t need to hard code the functionality of sliding images or videos.
  • JavaScript APIs and Jquery plugins are built-in Bootstrap by default.
  • It offers the reusability of the compatible design components.
  • A wide range of browser compatibility is supported by Bootstrap.
  • It helps in the creation of a cross-platform user interface whose features include responsiveness in style and structure.
  • It is free, open-source, and has gained a vast community.

Bootstrap cons

  • Bootstrap has prebuilt styles, so If you don’t spend a lot of time trying to come up with something that would look new, every project would have a similar bland look.
  • It has no compliant-HTML
  • If you are using bootstrap to compile the look of a website then you are basically overwriting a lot of style files, which can sometimes lead to a big mess

What is React.js?

React.js is not a framework but a user interface library of JavaScript that was developed by Facebook in 2013. React.js was designed mostly for client-side programming and with React.js we can develop interactive fast web applications. It gives us the ability to divide our code into components and hence we can build and create user interface components that are reusable. Components, briefly explained, are the chunks of code that get rendered on the screen.

It is fast due to the concept of component, it will only update or refresh the component that we specified and not the whole web page. Popular web applications developed in React.js are:

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • BBC
  • Netflix

React.js pros

  • Due to the usage of components, it offers us reusability and easy debugging of the code.
  • Dynamic web applications are built using React.js.
  • It improves the efficiency and speed of the web page as components are used and we don’t need the whole page to refresh just the component that we are dealing with.
  • Beginners and professionals both use React, hence contributing to the vast community of React.js.

Bootstrap vs React (difference)

Bootstrap React.js
To achieve responsiveness, Bootstrap uses CSS grid and flexbox properties Vanilla JavaScript is used which means simple JavaScript
Used to add responsiveness Used for improving the user interface
Bootstrap offers classes like col and row size that is dependent on device-width Offers components and states.
Developers at Twitter that are Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton created Bootstrap Originally created by Facebook
Launched in 2011 Launched in 2013
HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SASS were used to develop Bootstrap Single-page applications are created with React.js


React.js is one of the most commonly known JavaScript libraries. The most prominent use of ReactJs to create single-page applications and improve the user interface. Applications developed in React.js are fast and easily debugged because of the usage of components. On the other side, Bootstrap is a framework used to create mobile-first web applications whose focus is on the responsiveness of the web page or web application.

In this post, we discussed what React and Bootstrap are, along with their benefits. In the end, we mentioned the key differences between Bootstrap and React.

About the author

Shehroz Azam

A Javascript Developer & Linux enthusiast with 4 years of industrial experience and proven know-how to combine creative and usability viewpoints resulting in world-class web applications. I have experience working with Vue, React & Node.js & currently working on article writing and video creation.