BASH Programming

Bash Sleep Command

Within the Bash script or console, the sleep command works the same way as we take sleep in real life. Just like a real-life sleep can be taken to get free from work and do nothing, the Bash sleep instruction can halt the execution of any Bash script already running. The sleep instruction of Bash can be utilized directly within the terminal application of Ubuntu 20.04. It can also can be utilized within the separate Bash script before and after some code statements. Within this article, we will discuss the utilization of this sleep instruction in both ways.

Let’s get started with the simplest and easiest example of using the sleep function in our Bash shell of the Ubuntu 20.04 Linux operating system. Now, we utilize the sleep instruction in its query area to make our Ubuntu system sleep for some time. Let’s say, you want to make your system to sleep for only 10 seconds. For this, you need to use the “sleep” keyword with the numerical value 10 in the query area, and execute it using the Enter button. The system waits for 10 seconds to complete as shown in the following:


After 10 seconds, the execution of the sleep function stops and the system continues to work normally as shown in the following:


The previous illustration is all about the use of the sleep function to make our system sleep for hardly 20 seconds. Within this illustration, we make our Bash console sleep for hardly 1 minute and 10 seconds. After 1 minute and 10 seconds of sleep taken by the console application using this instruction, the console application reaches its normal state. For this, you need to specify the number “1” for a minute and “10” for seconds, along with the character “s” at its end. It is necessary to add the “s” at the end. After 1 minute and 10 seconds, the system console application reaches its normal state.


Just like that, if you want to make your Bash console to sleep for 1 hour or more, you can do so by using the sleep instruction at the shell along with the specification of hours, minutes, and seconds. We make our Bash console sleep for 1 hour, 1 minute, and 10 seconds as displayed. After 1 hour, the Bash console continues to work normally. You can also forcefully stop the sleep process started by the sleep instruction on the shell by simply making using of the “Ctrl+Z” shortcut.


Within the Bash terminal, you can make your Bash console application sleep for several periods with the creation of some one line Bash script. This Bash script can contain more than one Bash script statement separated from each other by the “&&” operator within them. We start this simple Bash script with the sleep statement that makes our console sleep for 20 seconds first.

After this, we use the “echo” statement that displays “20s” in the console after the 20 seconds of sleep separated by &&. Another sleep statement is utilized to make our Bash script sleep for 10 seconds separated by the && operator. At last, the echo statement is used once again to display “done” on the console. After the execution of this one line Bash script on the shell, the console doesn’t display anything as it sleeps for exactly 20 seconds.


After the 20 seconds sleep of this Bash script, the echo statement is executed and displays “20s” on the console. After this, the console script gets halted for another 10 seconds as per the sleep instruction used within this Bash script.


After the last 10 seconds of sleep, the last echo statement is executed and displays the “done” message at the console as per the “echo” statement.


The previous illustrations were all about the use of the simple sleep instruction on the shell terminal to make our program and console execution halt for a certain period. Now, we make use of the sleep instruction within the Bash script file to do the same task differently. We generate a new Bash file named “sleep.sh” in the shell with the utilization of a “touch” instruction. We open the newly generated Bash script file in some editors like a text editor, Vim editor, or GNU Nano editor. Prefer to use the Nano editor as it is quick to open and modify as per the “nano” instruction displayed in the following screenshot:


The file “sleep.sh” is opened within the Nano editor. Since it is empty right now, we add some Bbash script to it. We start our Bash script with the simple use of the Bash path as a comment, i.e. “#!/bin/bash”. A total of three echo statements of Bash are utilized to display the specific messages on the console according to the situation – i.e. sleep for 20 seconds, sleep again, and done with enough sleep. Within these three statements, we utilize the two sleep statements to force our script execution to halt or wait for 20 seconds and continue the rest of the execution after the sleep.


After the execution of this Bash script, the script makes the console sleep for 20 seconds after the display of the first message.


After the sleep, the script executes its second message and sleep for the next 20 seconds.


After the sleep of 20 seconds, the script runs its last statement, and the program is terminated.

Conclusion

This article’s introduction is all about how a sleep instruction of the Bash script is related to real life. After this, we discussed some simplest illustrations to make our Bash console sleep for a while – i.e. hours, minutes, and seconds. Finally, we also used it within the separate Bash files to make the execution of the Bash script halt for some time. Both methods contain the use of the echo statements to separate one sleep round from another.

About the author

Saeed Raza

Hello geeks! I am here to guide you about your tech-related issues. My expertise revolves around Linux, Databases & Programming. Additionally, I am practicing law in Pakistan. Cheers to all of you.