Utilities

100 Keyboard Shortcuts to Use Linux Like a Pro

Linux veterans understand that the keyboard is mightier than the mouse because there are many actions that take multiple mouse clicks but can be accomplished with a single keyboard shortcut. Learning at least a handful of keyboard shortcuts can make you significantly more productive as a Linux user and earn you serious bragging rights in the Linux community.

Note: The Windows log key that sits between CTRL and ALT on most PC keyboards is referred to as the Super key in this article.

General Linux Shortcuts

Ctrl + C Copy any highlighted text, image, or some other object to the clipboard.
Ctrl + V Paste copied text, image, or some other object from the clipboard.
Ctrl + X Cut highlighted text, image, or some other object.
Ctrl + S Save the currently opened file.
Ctrl + N Create a new file.
Ctrl + Z Undo the last action.
Ctrl + Q Quit the application in focus.
Ctrl + Alt + F1 to F6 Switch to a virtual console.
Ctrl + Alt + F7 Switch to the first graphical terminal.

GNOME Keyboard Shortcuts

Super Enter the Activities Overview.
Alt + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab Cycle between running applications in the opposite direction.
Alt + ` (grave accent) Cycle between windows of the same application in Alt + Tab.
Alt + F1 Open the Applications menu.
Alt + F2 Open a floating command prompt.
PrtSc Take a screenshot of the entire screen.
Alt + PrtSc Take a screenshot of the window in focus.
Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys Switch between workspaces.
Ctrl + Alt + D Minimize all windows to show desktop.

KDE Keyboard Shortcuts

Super Open the Application Launcher.
Alt + Space Bing up the Command Interface.
Ctrl + Esc Open the System Activity utility.
Super + Alt + Arrow keys Switch between windows.
Ctrl + F1 to F4 Switch between virtual desktops.
Super + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Super + Shift + Tab Cycle between running applications in the opposite direction.
Ctrl + Alt + L Lock the current session.
Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Del Instantly log out without confirmation.
Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Page Up Instantly reboot without confirmation.

Xfce Keyboard Shortcuts

Super + P Open Xfce display settings.
Alt + F2 Open a command prompt.
Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys Move between virtual desktops.
Alt + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab Cycle between running applications in the opposite direction.
Alt + F4 Close the window in focus.
Alt + F10 Maximize the window in focus.
Ctrl + Alt + D Minimize all windows to show desktop.
Ctrl + Alt + Del Lock the current session.
Ctrl + Esc Display context menu.

LXDE Keyboard Shortcuts

Ctrl + Alt + T Launch Terminal.
Shift + Alt + Arrow keys Move the window in focus between virtual desktops.
Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys Move between virtual desktops.
Alt + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab Cycle between running applications in the opposite direction.
Alt + F4 Close the window in focus.
Alt + Esc Hide the window in focus.
Super + D Minimize all windows to show desktop.
Super + E Launch the default file browser.
F11 Toggle Fullscreen.

Cinnamon Keyboard Shortcuts (Linux Mint)

Ctrl + Alt + Down Show all currently running applications on the selected workspace.
Ctrl + Alt + Up Show running applications across all workspaces.
Alt + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Shift + Alt + Tab. Cycle between running applications in the opposite direction.
Alt + F2 Open a command prompt.
Alt + F4 Close the window in focus.
Super + L Open the Cinnamon Debugger.
Super + D Minimize all windows to show desktop.
Ctrl + Super + Arrow keys Span the window in focus to a border.
Shift + Ctrl + Alt + Left or Right Arrow Move the window in focus to the workspace on the left or right.

Bash Keyboard Shortcuts

Ctrl + A Go to the beginning of the selected line.
Ctrl + E Go to the end of the selected line.
Ctrl + K Cut the part of the selected line after the cursor and copy it to the clipboard.
Arrow Up Previously used command.
Alt + B Move the cursor back one word.
Alt + F Move the cursor forward one word.
Ctrl + L Clean the current screen.
Ctrl + J Enter the Newline control character.
Ctrl + R Search in your Bash history.
Ctrl + G Exit the history searching mode.

Ubuntu Keyboard Shortcuts

Super Open Activities.
Alt + F2 Open a command prompt.
Alt + Tab Cycle between running applications.
Super + Arrow keys Snap the window in focus to a border.
PrtSc Take a screenshot of the entire screen.
Alt + PrtSc Take a screenshot of the window in focus.
Shift + PrtSc Take a screenshot of a selected area on the screen.
Ctrl + Alt + T Launch Terminal.
Super + L Lock the current session.
Super + D Minimize all windows to show desktop.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Backspace Go back.
F5 or Ctrl + R Reload the current page.
Ctrl + P Print the current page.
Ctrl + S Save the current page.
Ctrl + F Find text on the current page.
Ctrl + K Bring the search bar into focus.
Ctrl + W Close the current tab.
Ctrl + N Open a new tab.
Ctrl + Shift + P Open a new private window.
Ctrl + Shift + Q Exit Firefox.

ChromeOS Keyboard Shortcuts (Chromebook)

Ctrl + Shift + L Lock the current session.
Ctrl + Shift + Q Log out from the current session.
Alt + 1 to 8 Launch an application from the taskbar.
Alt + [ or ] Dock the window in focus to the left or right side of the screen.
Ctrl + F5 Take a screenshot of the entire screen.
Ctrl + Shift + F5 Take a screenshot of a selected area on the screen.
Shift + Alt + M Open the Files app.
Shift + Alt + N Display notifications.
Ctrl + Alt + Display all keyboard shortcuts.
Shift + Esc Open the Task Manager.

About the author

David Morelo

David Morelo

David Morelo is a professional content writer in the technology niche, covering everything from consumer products to emerging technologies and their cross-industry application